Current UV Index
Adelaide
UV index: 0.0
Alice Springs
UV index: 0.0
Brisbane
UV index: 0.0
Canberra
UV index: 0.0
Darwin
UV index: 0.0
Gold Coast
UV index: 0.0
Kingston
UV index: 0.0
Melbourne
UV index: 0.0
Newcastle
UV index: 0.0
Perth
UV index: 0.0
Sydney
UV index: 0.0
Townsville
UV index: 0.0

Click the indexes to view the minimum recommended protection

When the UV index is low, sun protection is generally not needed unless outside for extended periods

UV observations courtesy of ARPANSA
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Surgery

Surgery for Stage 0 - II Melanoma

Surgery is often the only treatment required for patients with a Stage 0 (in-situ), I and II melanomas.  This may take the form of a biopsy, where the lesion alone is removed and sent for analysis or a wide local excision.  This is where more tissue, normally 1 - 2 cm, is removed from around the initial melanoma to ensure no cancerous cells remain.  Most wide excisions are closed with stitches, however for larger areas a skin graft or flap may be necessary.

Video - Surgical Treatment of a Primary Melanoma

*warning - graphic content - contains surgical procedures

https://youtu.be/Iia-fw2omr8

Surgery for Stage III - IV Melanoma

Most commonly, surgery for these patients is in addition to the removal of the initial melanoma and is performed to assess the extent of the spread of the disease.  Firstly a Sentinel Node Biopsy may be performed which determines whether there are melanoma cells in the nearest lymph node. This information is crucial in helping doctors predict the likelihood of disease having spread to other parts of the body. If the Sentinel Node contains melanoma cells then usually a full lymph node dissection is performed, where further nodes are removed. There are three main areas of lymph nodes where this surgery occurs.  The neck, the axilla (armpit) and groin.

Further surgeries may be performed for removal of distant metastases or tumors.  The purpose of these surgeries is more commonly for symptom control rather than curative.  Some advanced melanoma patients undergo many surgeries that  improve quality of life and increase survival time but are not able to remove all disease.  However not all metastatic disease can be removed and often surgery is not possible.

 

Video - Sentinel Node Biospy and Complete Node Dissection

*warning - graphic content - contains surgical procedures

https://youtu.be/tnrgBnLRlXc